13: Extract from Herr Hitler's speech to the Reichstag, No. ... (“Thunder”), were evacuated to the United Kingdom in late August and early September 1939 prior to the outbreak of war. The Polish government is planning to open a dedicated public museum on the site in 2026. Danzig Within weeks the Poles surrendered.

[15]:13 By noon, when the Germans retreated, Henningsen has been gravely wounded. Battle of Danzig Bay.

[5][6]:443–444, By early 1933, German politicians and media figures complained about the need for border adjustments. Poland Betrayed: The Nazi-Soviet Invasions of 1939, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Defence of the Polish Post Office in Danzig, Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers of 1970, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Danzig_Bay&oldid=983736970, Naval battles of World War II involving Germany, Naval battles of World War II involving Poland, Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2014, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Baltic Sea articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 23:24. [40]:58, Controversy surrounds the Polish garrison's commanding officer, Sucharski. The Polish Navy of the Second Polish Republic (1919–39) was prepared mostly as means of supporting naval communications with France in case of a war with the Soviet Union. On 1 Sep 1939, German forces crossed into Poland and Danzig, and on the following day, Germany incorporated Danzig into German borders as a part of Reichsgau of Danzig-West Prussia.

Casualties were approximately 50 Germans and eight Poles, mostly wounded. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. First, it is aiming to offer interesting [6]:445, By late August 1939, the Poles had reinforced their 88-man garrison, though its strength is still debated; older sources speak of 182 men but more recent research suggests something in the range of 210 to 240, including six officers: Major Henryk Sucharski, his second-in-command Captain Franciszek Dąbrowski, Captain Mieczysław Słaby [pl], Lieutenant Leon Pająk [pl], Lieutenant Stefan Ludwik Grodecki [pl], and Second Lieutenant Zdzisław Kręgielski [pl]. On the same day, in Berlin, Germany, German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop expressed that if Poland continued to not agree with German demands for Danzig and if Poland continued to resist signing the Anti-Comintern Pact, then the present German-Polish friendship would deteriorate. [2], That afternoon a German reconnaissance aircraft spotted Gryf. Even $1 per month will go a long way! [32] Five days after the capitulation, on 12 September 1939, the Polish wireless operator, Sergeant Kazimierz Rasiński, was murdered by the Germans. [25]:101 Around that time the Poles also repulsed an attempt by a small maritime unit of the Danzig Police to land on the western side of the depot. [6]:447 The Poles had lost 15 men and had sustained at least 40 wounded. [58], Depot for Polish Munitions in Transit in the Port of Danzig, Polish 1st Armoured Brigade of the Defenders of Westerplatte, Cemetery of the Fallen Defenders of Westerplatte, Defence of the Polish Post Office in Danzig, "Przyczynek do badań nad stanem liczbowym załogi Wojskowej Składnicy Tranzytowej na Westerplatte we wrześniu 1939 roku", "Spór w sprawie białej flagi nad Westerplatte", "Kompania szturmowa Kriegsmarine w walkach na Westerplatte 1939 r", "Wojskowa składnica tranzytowa na Westerplatte w świetle nowych niemieckich materiałów archiwalnych", "Heroic Polish Defense of Westerplatte Ends as Nazi Mop-up of Poland Begins", "Walki Sowietów i Niemców o Westerplatte", "Kapitulacja Westerplatte - Muzeum Historii Polski", "Udział 1 Warszawskiej Brygady Pancernej im. [10] In 1981 the cross was restored to the cemetery. Visitor Submitted Commentseval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ww2db_com-box-4','ezslot_5',116,'0','0'])); All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB. [55], Following the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe, a change symbolic of Poland's political transformation was the 2007 transfer of the Soviet T-34 tank from the cemetery to a museum in another town.

Early historiography considered Sucharski to have been in command throughout the battle, and consequently early accounts portrayed him as a heroic figure.

Bohaterów Westerplatte w walkach o Kępę Oksywską (30 marca-5 kwietnia 1945 r.)", "Major Henryk Sucharski: wojskowy z tajemnicą", "Westerplatte. At dusk ten Polish warships left Gdynia for Hel, located on the other side of the bay.

A group of British businessmen met with Hermann Göring in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, warning him that British public sentiment would not allow another act of appeasement, and that the public would push the British government to declare war on Germany. 108-2: Messages between Forster and Hitler on Danzig, No. United Kingdom and France expressed willingness to go further than mere consultation and suggested a formal treaty.

The air raid shrouded all of Westerplatte in clouds of smoke and destroyed the Poles' only radio and much of their food supply. Being surrounded by Polish territory, the port facilities were also open for Polish use, but the Polish did not take comfort in mere usage. The Polish ships zig-zagged wildly to avoid being hit. [33][34]:55 On 19 September Hitler came to visit Danzig.

[36]:995 A bridge in nearby Tczew had been bombed around 04:30,[37]:107[38]:4–7 and the false-flag Operation Himmler had begun hours earlier. [16][25]:100 However, soon after crossing the artillery-breached brick wall at the border, after advancing about 200 m and engaging the Polish Prom outpost, the Germans ran into an ambush.

56, 60, 68, 74, 78, & 89: Messages Between Chamberlain/UK Government and Hitler, No.

[5][40]:334 In June 1987 Westerplatte was visited by Pope John Paul II;[40]:338[54] his visit is commemorated by a plaque unveiled in 2015. 26: Message from Greiser to the Polish Commissioner-General, No. Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. [16], On 25 August 1939 the German pre-dreadnought battleship Schleswig-Holstein, under the pretext of making a courtesy call, sailed into Danzig harbor,[6]:446 anchoring 164 yards (150 m) from Westerplatte. The 30 Mar 1939 British-French-Polish agreement to mutually guarantee each others' borders was signed into a formal treaty in London, England, United Kingdom.

One of them was the spread of propaganda using newspapers. The backbone of the Polish flotilla, ORP Gryf with over 300 naval mines on board, remained unharmed. ww2dbaseAlthough the goal was different, the German propaganda machine deployed a similar strategy that had been effective in the previous annexations.

[1]:646 As early as 1943, a Polish People's Army unit was named for Westerplatte's soldiers (the Polish 1st Armoured Brigade of the Defenders of Westerplatte).

After the event was over, they all remained. That salvo's time has been variously stated as 04:45,[21][22] 04:47,[23]:5–6 or 04:48. Through the Swedish businessman Birger Dahlerus, Germany expressed that Germany only desired Danzig and a small section of the Polish Corridor, while a plebiscite should be held in the near future to determine the fate of the remainder of the Polish Corridor. [52] It has also inspired dozens of books and scores of press articles, scholarly studies, and fictional works, as well as poems, songs, paintings, and other works of art. [6]:447 On 2 September, from 18:05 to 18:25,[16] a two-wave air raid by 60 Junkers Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers dropped 26.5 tons of bombs,[6]:446 eliminating the Polish mortars, destroying Guardhouse V with a 500 kg bomb and killing at least eight Polish soldiers.

The French ambassador in Berlin, Germany dispatched another warning to French leadership, noting that he had reasons to believe that Adolf Hitler was presenting or was about to present a plan to Joseph Stalin for the partition of Poland.

[10][40]:302–304 In 1966 a Monument to the Defenders of the Coast [pl], also known as the "Historical Monument, Site of the Battle of Westerplatte", a 25-meter-tall obelisk atop a mound, was erected at Westerplatte, set within a park, with smaller installations. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB. [56] On 1 September 2003 the site was designated an official Historic Monument.

[15]:15, At a second conference with his officers, on 6 September, Sucharski was again ready to surrender: the German Army was by now outside Warsaw, and Westerplatte was running critically low on supplies; moreover, many of the wounded were suffering from gangrene.

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